Fencing: A game of intention

People say you can interpret any action in a hundred and one different ways and that’s certainly true of fencing. You only need to look at arguments found on messageboards and comments left on Youtube videos by people all over the world. Scrutinising points and how the actions fit with their interpretation of the right of way. But being honest fencing rules are not that complicated, even though it might look like two people randomly waving swords to a passer-by.

While looking at a fencing action we have to question the intention of the fencer in relation to the opponent. For example does the fencer on the right intend to hit the one on the left?

jakflc

He clearly does, not only is he moving towards the opponent. You can see him extending his arm. This coincides with the FIE’s definition of an attack.

“The attack is the initial offensive action made by extending the arm and continuously threatening the opponent’s target, preceding the launching of the lunge or fleche (cf. t.56ss, t.75ss).”

But what happens if the opponent also attacks?

Two things can happen. If both attacks happen at the same time like this:

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Nobody gets a point as they both cancel each other out.

[I used Sabre deliberately because simultaneous attacks occur more often. And also as a reminder that while the rules of Sabre might be different, the right of way principles are the same]

Or if there’s a way to differentiate the attacks such as one fencer starting before the other.

hyf2fk

This is a tight call, although if you look carefully you can see both fencers prepare. The fencer on the right then begins to attack and the one on the left reacts therefore point to the right.

Knowing who is attacking and who is counterattacking is incredibly important, such as here:

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Looking at the action, the fencer on the left never loses the right of way. To start the fencer beats his opponent’s blade three times, he then makes two disengages before finishing the attack. The only thing the opponent does is counter-attack so point left.

Is it possible for the defender to win the right of way?

Yes, one way is to make sure the opponent fails. For example stepping back, making the opponent miss then starting your own attack.

coxex7

Again I’m using Sabre as an example. Both fencers begin attacking at the same time. The one on the right continues to attack and gains the right of way. The fencer on the left steps back making the opponent miss. He then starts an attack, picks up the right of way before hitting. Point Left.

Another way is by parrying.

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In this example the fencer on the right gains the right of way through attacking. The fencer on the left blocks the opponents blade using a parry sixte before finishing with a riposte. Point Left.

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This example is more complex because more things are happening. Firstly the fencer on the right attacks, so he has the right of way. It fails then the fencer on the left gains the right of way and moves towards the right hand side of the piste. A parry is executed by the fencer on the right although there’s no riposte. The fencer on the left retakes the right of way through another attack. We then see a circular parry from the fencer on the right who gains the right of way and hits the opponent with a riposte. Point Right.

Another way is to use a Point in Line, like this:

ymug3w

The FIE’s definition of a point in line is:

“The point in line position is a specific position in which the fencer’s sword arm is kept straight and the point of his weapon continually threatens his opponent’s valid target (cf. t.56.3.a/b/c, t.60.4.e, t.60.5.a, t.76, t.80.3.e, t.80.4.a/b).”

Although a point in a line can be a risky tactic, especially if the opponent takes the blade.

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You can also score points by going against the right of way.

For example with a well timed counter attack.

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Hoping the attack fails. (In this instance the opponent misses his beat attack)

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Or by hitting the opponent on preparation.

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I want to thank Fencing JapanFIE Fencing Channel and CyrusofChaos who I stole the footage from and to Make A Gif.com where I turned them into Gifs.

And finally to Mike Selig from fencingforum.com who inspired me to write this post.

Cleddyfa: Pa bwriad?

Maen nhw’n ddweud eich bod yn gallu dehongli unrhyw symudiad mewn cant ac un wahanol ffurf. Ac mae hynny’n wir am gleddyfa. Dim ond i chi weld y dadleuodd rhwng pobl a’r draws y byd ar fideos YouTube a Negesfyrddau ynglŷn pwyntiau a beth sy’n cyd-fynd a’i ddehongliad o’r “right of way”. Ond i fod yn gwbl onest dydy rheolau Cleddyfa ddim yn anodd, hyd yn oed os ar adegau mae’n edrych fel dau berson yn siglo cleddyfau heb reolaeth.

Wrth inni edrych ar symudiad Cleddyfa mae rhaid cwestiynu bwriad y cleddyfwyr yn gyd-destun yr wrthwynebwr. Er enghraifft ydy’r Cleddyfwr ar y dde yn bwriadu taro’r un ar y chwyth?

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Nid yn unig ydy o’n symud tuag at y gwrthwynebwr. Rydych hefyd yn gallu gweld e’n ymestyn ei fraich. Mae hyn yn cyd-fynd â’r diffiniad FIE o ymosodiad.

“The attack is the initial offensive action made by extending the arm and continuously threatening the opponent’s target, preceding the launching of the lunge or fleche (cf. t.56ss, t.75ss).”

Ond beth fydd yn digwydd os mae’r gwrthwynebwr hefyd yn ymosod?

Wel fe all ddau beth digwydd. Os mae’r ymosodiadau yn digwydd y rhin amser fel yr enghraifft yma:

1fkgo_

Does neb yn cael pwynt.

[Rwy’n defnyddio sabr yn fwriadol achos bod ymosodiadau cydamserol yn digwydd yn fwy aml. A hefyd i atgoffa, er bod rheolau sabr yn wahanol i ffwyl mae egwyddorion right of way yr un peth]

Neu yn ail bod ffyrdd i allu gwahaniaethu’r ymosodiadau fel un cleddyfwr yn dechrau cyn y llall.

hyf2fk

Mae hyn i weld yn dynn ond wrth edrych yn ofalus allwch chi weld y ddau gleddyfwr yn paratoi. Mae’r cleddyfwr ar y dde wedyn yn dechrau ymosod ac mae’r un ar y chwyth yn ymateb felly pwynt i’r dde.

Weithiau mae rhaid i chi ddilyn pwy sydd yn ymosod a pwy sy’n gwrthymosod.

vd34br

Wrth edrych ar y symudiad, dydy’r cleddyfwr ar y chwyth byth yn colli’r right of way. I ddechrau’r symudiad mae’n taro cleddyf y gwrthwynebwr tair gwaith, wedyn mae’n wneud dau disengage cyn gorffen y symudiad. Yr unig peth mae’r gwrthwynebwr yn wneud ydy gwrthymosod felly pwynt i’r chwyth.

Oes modd i’r amddiffynnydd allu ail ennill y right of way?

Oes, un ffurf ydy gwneud siŵr bod y gwrthwynebwr yn methu. Er enghraifft trwy gamu yn ôl wedyn dechrau ymosod eich hunain.

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Eto rydw’n defnyddio sabr fel esiampl. Mae’r ddau gleddyfwr yn dechrau’r un amser. Wedyn mae’r un ar y dde yn parhau i ymosod ac ennill y right of way. Mae’r cleddyfwr ar y chwyth yn camu yn ôl ac yn gwneud i’r gwrthwynebwr methu. Wedyn mae’n dechrau ymosod ac yn ail ennill y right of way cyn taro. Pwynt chwyth.

Ffurf arall ydy trwy bario.

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Yn yr esiampl yma mae’r cleddyfwr ar y dde yn ennill y right of way trwy ymosod. Mae’r cleddyfwr ar y chwyth yn blocio’r cleddyf trwy parry cylchol sixte a gorffen y symudiad gyda riposte.

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Mae’r symudiad yma yn fwy cymhleth gan fod mwy o bethau yn digwydd. Yn gyntaf mae’r cleddyfwr ar y dde yn ymosod, felly fe sydd gyda’r right of way. Mae’n methu wedyn mae’r cleddyfwr ar y chwyth yn ennill y right of way. Mae’r cleddyfwr ar y dde yn pario, does dim riposte. Wrth gamu yn ôl mae’r cleddyfwr ar y dde yn parhau i ymosod ac yn ail ennill y right of way. Mae’r cleddyfwr ar y dde wedyn yn pario cleddyf y gwrthwynebydd, ennill y right of way, ac wedyn taro trwy riposte. Pwynt De.

Ffurf arall ydy defnyddio pwynt mewn lein, fel hyn:

ymug3w

Difyniad y FIE o bwynt mewn lein (point in line) ydy:

“The point in line position is a specific position in which the fencer’s sword arm is kept straight and the point of his weapon continually threatens his opponent’s valid target (cf. t.56.3.a/b/c, t.60.4.e, t.60.5.a, t.76, t.80.3.e, t.80.4.a/b).”

Ond mae pwynt mewn lein yn gallu bod yn dacteg llawn risg. Ben dant os fydd y gwrthwynebwr yn cymryd neu daro’r cleddyf.

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Mae hefyd ffordd i allu sgorio pwyntiau wrth fynd yn erbyn y right of way.

Er enghraifft wrth ymosod sydd wedi cael i amseru.

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Obeithio bod yr ymosodwr yn methu. (Beat attack yn yr achos yma)

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Neu daro’r gwrthwynebwr wrth gamu yn ôl pam mae’n baratoi.

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Hefyd diolch i Fencing JapanFIE Fencing Channel a CyrusofChaos ble wnes i ddwgyd y lluniau a hefyd i Make A Gif.com ble wnes i droi nhw mewn i Gifs.

Ac yn olaf i Mike Selig o fencingforum.com who inspired me to write this post.

S4C Welsh Open Coverage

Fencing is a sport which is nowhere near as widely reported as others. For example last Sunday Richard Kruse won a silver medal at the Turin Grand Prix and I’m yet to see it reported on the BBC Sport website. That’s why I get excited when fencing is shown on any major television channel, whether it’s the BBC’s Olympic Coverage or the World Cup highlights on Eurosport. It’s even nicer when it’s in my first language, Welsh. On the 22nd of November 2015, S4C broadcast and episode of Clwb (Club) which had a segment on the Welsh Open Championships. Personally I felt they showed a good selection of highlights while the introduction was accessible to all and didn’t resort to cliches. But don’t take my word for it, watch it for your self while I’ve translated and time coded it underneath if you can’t speak Welsh:

Reporter (apologies I don’t know her name)

0:03 “One of only four sports that has appeared in every Summer Olympics since 1896. Fencing is one of the oldest and most popular sports in the world. At the Welsh Open in Cardiff it was quite obvious that the sport is very popular here in Wales too.”

0:38 Mr Ridsdale himself, talking in English

Back to the Reporter

1:00 “Fencing is a sport that asks for fitness, speed, strength, stamina and quick thinking. And you need special equipment.”

1:12 Celyn talking “My mask is a white leopard bringing my favourite animal into the sport. It helps me as it can distract the opponent and make them a little scared. With usual masks, you can see through them and spot facial expressions. And with this mask you can’t see through it so easily. When we fence you can see where you want to hit, so you see where they want but with this you can’t. I am now referred to as the white leopard or the animal”

Back to the Reporter

2:00 “There are three different types of fencing and they all have their own individual rules and strategies. The Foil is the lightest of the three and you can only score by striking the body of your opponent with the front of the sword. In a competition everyone competes while connected to a wire, so there’s a way to see and hear if a point has been scored”

2:27 “There were two exciting rounds in female foil with Amber Moss succeeding to beat Anna Lee 15-14. Before Costanza Peretti beat Rachel Kwok from 15-10 and I think she was happy with her performance. In the final Peretti was on fire and was too strong for Moss winning 15-10 to take the trophy.”

3:24 Costanza talking in English.

Back to the Reporter

3:33 “In the Men’s Final, Welshman and the main seed, Glen Ostacchini was too strong for Luke Deamer by winning 15-9. With possible thanks to his special diet.” (Spoiler Alert: Olives)

3:50 Glen talking in English

Back to the Reporter

4:04 “The Sabre is different compared to the two other weapons as there’s a way to score with the side of the blade as well as the front. And you can score by hitting any part of body above the waist, including the head. In the Women’s final Emily Ruaux from Rivington Park, Bolton faced Izabela Sosnowska from Exeter City. And Ruaux, who’s a member of the British team, had the better in an exciting final, winning 15-13.”

4:57 “In the men’s competition the two main seeds William Deary and Soji Aiyenuro succeeded in reaching the final. And in a match full of tension, Aiyenuro had an early yellow card for moving too early. Like you’d expect from the two main seeds the match was very exciting. But with the tension mounting Aiyenuro got another yellow card at the worst time possible. With the resulting penalty, a point, meaning Deary walks away with the trophy.” (Result was 15–10)

6:00 “The Epee is the heaviest of the weapons and despite the fact you can only score with the front of the weapon the whole body is target. Mhairi Spence managed to beat the main seed on the way to the final. But unfortunately for the Scottish Pentathlete who represented Great Britain at the 2012 Olympics, Amy Radford from Cardiff University was too strong. One of the most exciting and disputed bouts of the weekend happened in the Men’s Epee final. The Welshman Tom Edwards was facing Matt Henderson from England, and like every contest between both camps from the two countries every point was disputed. Henderson was penalised with a yellow early on before Edwards also found his name in the referee’s book. The bout was of the highest order and with the scores tied at 14 each Henderson got the all-important point. But Edwards wasn’t happy with the final point insisting that the referee should have called halt. No, the Welshman wasn’t happy at all to have lost on his own turf.”

8:16 Tom and Matt’s reflections

Back to the Reporter

8:49 “A successful weekend of Fencing in Cardiff. To Henderson and to all the successful winners of the 2015 championship.”

Pencampwriaeth Cleddyfa Cymru ar S4C

Dydy Cleddyfa ddim yn cael i adrodd cymaint fel y mwyafrif o chwaraeon eraill. Er enghraifft Dydd Sul diwethaf wnaeth Richard Kruse ennill medal arian yn Grand Prix Turin ond eto i gyd dydy o ddim wedi cael i adrodd ar wefan Chwaraeon BBC. Dyna pam rwy’n mor falch pam mae cleddyfa yn cael i ddarlledu ar sianel teledu, fel pryd mae’r BBC yn dangos gemau Olympaidd neu pryd mae Eurosport yn dangos uchafbwyntiau o gwpan y byd. Mae e hyd yn oed yn neisiach imi pryd mae e’n Gymraeg. Ar Dachwedd 22, 2015 wnaeth S4C darlledu rhaglen o Glwb oedd gyda darn ar Bencampwriaeth Cleddyfa Cymru. Yn fy marn i wnaethon nhw ddangos dewis da o uchafbwyntiau gan fod yr iaith yn hygyrch i bawb heb unrhyw ystrydebau. Ond peidiwch â chymryd yng ngair amdano, gwyliwch gan fy mod wedi cyfieithu’r rhannau Saesneg ar y gwaelod.

0:38 Mr Ridsdale yn siarad, “Mae gennym gystadleuaeth chwe arf o’n blaenaf a tua thri chant a phumdeg o bobl rhwng y ddau ddydd. Fe fyddwn yn gwobrwyo pobl am sabr dynion, sabr merched, ffwyl ac epée. A fydd chwe phwynt pencampwriaeth ar gael dros y penwythnos. Felly rwy’n gobeithio am ganlyniadau da a gornest dda.”

3:24 Costanza yn siarad, “Rwy’n plest iawn gyda sut wnes i gleddyfa. Oedd yn ddydd da”

3:50 Glen yn siarad, “Cefais lawer o fowtiau anodd, ben dant yn y tri deg dau, un deg chwech olaf. Os ydych yn cael i ddal nôl mae’n gallu effeithio egni. Ond wnes i fwyta llawer o olewydd heddiw.”

8:16 Tom yn siarad, “Os mae’r dyfarnwr yn galw hault mae rhaid i chi stopio, ac yn fy marn i wnaeth e daro fi ar ôl i’r dyfarnwr galw hault. Ni ddylai fod wedi cael i ganiatáu ond wnaeth y dyfarnwr ddim cytuno. Sy’n torri’r galon achos wnes i bopeth iawn yn dactegol ac yn y funud olaf daeth e mewn, wnaeth y dyfarnwr weld e un ffordd ac rwy’n siŵr bydd y mwyafrif yn anghytuno.”

8:39 Matt yn siarad, “Rownd derfynol agos, 15-14 ond rwy’n falch iawn. Sais yn dod i Gaerdydd i guro’r Cymro a mynd adre gyda’r tlws. Dydd eithaf da.”

FIE Rulings and Possible Implications

On the 13th of June 2015 the FIE Executive Committee ruled to ban Leon Paul Epee blades forged from 2013-2015 as well as bayonet bodywires from all FIE competitions. But what does it really mean and what will the possible long term implications be? Here’s a link to the letter in question.

At the FIE SEMI Commission’s recommendation, we have decided to suspend the use of Leon Paul 2013-2015 Epee blades until hearing the final conclusions of the analyses currently underway. The FIE Executive Committee will make a final decision once it has the results of this analysis. Manufacturers are reminded that: – Equipment or changes to equipment not submitted for SEMI Commission approval (earlier version of PBT sabre mask), – Equipment that does not work perfectly in all situations and therefore does not comply with FIE Rules (body wire with bayonet connection), Will not be accepted during equipment controls at FIE competitions. The SEMI Commission will immediately contact manufacturers about this matter.

http://static7.fie.org/uploads/6/31776-lettre%20info%207-15%20ang.pdf

It’s always worth keeping an eye out on FIE rulings in case it trickles down in future such as the 800N Sabre glove and the ban on visor masks which is now mandatory at all competitions. And because of this I wouldn’t be surprised if we see a future clampdown on the blades in question. How practical it is to implement is an entirely different story. Admittedly I don’t know how these blades are failing; I can only imagine it’s a safety issue caused by a possible change in the forging process. Although bear in mind that’s just pure speculation. Here’s the official Leon Paul position on it:

These blades have been on sale for 20 years with not a single recorded injury caused by them.

That said the reasoning behind these changes is different to the ban on bayonet bodywires. Gloves and masks were changed in the name of safety whereas bayonet bodwires have been outlawed in the name of reliability at elite level. Again most likely caused due to an issue/compatibility with the wireless systems which the FIE currently use. Although again this is merely speculation so please don’t hold me as gospel (I’m good but possibly not that good). Because of that I can’t see any repercussions because of this. Heck we even see other forms of bodywire systems being sold and used for personal and domestic use such as French two pins and Italian bayonets which should put everything into perspective. What I do know however is that if you are fencing at that level or aspire to be a future FIE athlete then I’d recommend not taking a risk and swapping to German two pin. Which I use myself and as long as you know what you’re doing, isn’t hard to covert provided you have a vice. I haven’t personally used the new Leon Paul German two pin socket although it looks more innovative and less fiddly than a traditional socket. If you’re simply fencing in the UK, starting out in the UK or have no previous armoury experience, again in the UK, then for the love of god use a bayonet. Because should anything go wrong there’s a greater chance someone will have a sword you can borrow. For anyone heading off to The Junior & Cadet Fencing Championships on the 10-17th of July, the Leon Paul Epee blades are banned although bayonets will be allowed. I don’t want to jump to conclusions but I think we can assume they’re using traditional spools.

As for the relative reliability of two-pins and bayonets in general use. It all comes down to the quality of the wire and socket. A cheap and poorly made bodywire is never going to last as long as one that’s been constructed well, no matter which system you go for. Personally I’ve had good and bad experiences with both. Theoretically a bayonet shouldn’t last as long as a duel pin. You have more moving parts; springs can wear down causing them to short out etc. Although I’ve seen some last for decades. There’s even one in my fencing bag that I would still be using now had the crocodile clip not fallen off and had I not been lazy enough to bother soldering a new one back in (it’s on my eventual to do list). I still use it now for armoury work. Although duel pins are hardly bullet proof, retaining clips can fall out, like bayonets they can fail, while there’s a greater chance the wire can pop out during Sabre. It’s safe to say there are pros and cons to both.

And to end a link to this year’s British Fencing (BFA) equality survey:

https://www.snapsurveys.com/wh/s.asp?k=143086099509

Dyfarniad yr FIE ac Ymhlygiadau Posib

Ar Fehefin 13 2015 wnaeth Pwyllgor Gweithredol y FIE gwahardd llafnau Leon Paul wedi gofannu o 2013-2015 a gwifrau corff bayonet o bob cystadleuaeth. Ond beth ydy hyn yn golygu’n wirioneddol a beth all yr effaith tymor hyr fod? Dyma linc i’r llythyr (mewn Saesneg).

At the FIE SEMI Commission’s recommendation, we have decided to suspend the use of Leon Paul 2013-2015 Epee blades until hearing the final conclusions of the analyses currently underway. The FIE Executive Committee will make a final decision once it has the results of this analysis. Manufacturers are reminded that: – Equipment or changes to equipment not submitted for SEMI Commission approval (earlier version of PBT sabre mask), – Equipment that does not work perfectly in all situations and therefore does not comply with FIE Rules (body wire with bayonet connection), Will not be accepted during equipment controls at FIE competitions. The SEMI Commission will immediately contact manufacturers about this matter.

http://static7.fie.org/uploads/6/31776-lettre%20info%207-15%20ang.pdf

Mae’n werth edrych ar ddyfarniadau’r FIE rhag ofn iddo gael i weithredu drwy gydol y byd.  Er enghraifft y faneg sabr 800N a’r gwahardd i mygydau miswrn. Achos hyn fyddwn ddim yn syn gweld gwahardd llawn i’r llafnau epee Leon Paul yn y dyfodol. Pa mor ymarferol ydy hyn? dydw i ddim yn gwybod. Gan fy mod i hefyd yn anymwybodol sut mae’r llafnau yn methu. Allai tybio maen problem sy’n cael i greu trwy newid yn y proses gweithgynhyrchu. Ond mae hyn yn ddyfaliad pur. Dyma’r safbwynt swyddogol Leon Paul (hefyd yn Saesneg):

These blades have been on sale for 20 years with not a single recorded injury caused by them.

Mae’r gwahaniaeth yn y rhesymeg tu ôl y penderfyniad i wahardd wifrau corff bidog. Fe newidiwyd menig sabr a gwahardd mygydau miswrn yn sgil diogelwch. Gan fod y gwifrau corff bidog wedi cael i wahardd achos cwestiynau am ba mor ddibynadwy ydyn ar y lefel uchaf. Yr ateb fwyaf tebygol i’w bod nhw ddim yn perfformio’n gyson gyda system diwifr newydd mae’r FIE yn defnyddio. Eto mae hyn yn ddyfaliad pur. Oherwydd hyn ni allaf weld unrhyw ôl-effeith mawr oherwydd hyn. Rydym hyd yn oed yn gweld mathau eraill o systemau gwifrau corff yn cael eu gwerthu a’u defnyddio yn rhyngwladol fel gwifr dau bin Ffrangeg a gwifr bidog Eidaleg. Ddylai hyn rhoi popeth mewn cyd-estyn. Er ddweud hynny os ydych yn cleddyfa ar y lefel uchel, neu’n anelu i fod yn y dyfodol. Byddwn yn awgrymu cyfnewid i ddau bin Almaeneg, peidiwch â chymryd y risg. Rwy’n ei ddefnyddio fy hun a dydy o ddim yn anodd cyfnewid os ydych yn gwybod beth i wneud. Er fy mod i heb defnyddio’r system ddau bin Almaeneg newydd gan Leon Paul, mae’r soced i weld yn fwy ymarferol a llai lletchwith na rhai traddodiadol. Ond oes ydych yn cleddyfa yn y DU yn unig, dechreuwr pur yn y DU neu heb unrhyw brofiad arfogaeth flaenorol, hefyd o fewn y DU, defnyddiwch wifren bidog. Oherwydd a ddylai unrhyw beth mynd o’i le mae siawns mwy bydd rhywun gyda chleddyf allwch fenthyg. Oes ydych yn mynd i’r Pencampwriaethau Cleddyfau Cadet a Iau ar y 10-17eg o Orffennaf, mae’r llafnau epee Leon Paul wedi cael eu gwahardd ond bydd gwifrau bidogau yn cael ei ganiatáu. Dydy o ddim yn anodd dyfalu bod nhw’n mynd i defnyddio spools traddodiadol.

Nawr y ddadl am ba wifr sy’n fwyaf dibynadwy, dai pin neu un bidog. Mae dibynnu ar ansawdd y wifren a’r soced. Bydd gwifren rhad sydd wedi cael eu cynhyrchu’n wael byth yn para yn gymarol i un sydd wedi cael i greu’n dda, dim ots pa system ydy e. Yn bersonol rydw i wedi cael profiadau da a drwg gyda’r ddau. Yn dechnegol ni ddylai gwifr bidog para mor hir â gwifr dai pin. Mae mwy o gydrannau sy’n symud, gall y ffynonellau treulio lawr yn achosi iddynt gamfihafio. Er ddweud hynny rydw i wedi gweld rhai yn para am byth. Mae gen i un yn fy mag cleddyfa byddwn ddal i ddefnyddio heddiw os oedd y clip crocodeil heb dorri. Ac oes oeddwn ddim yn rhu diog i soldro un newydd yn eu lle (mae e ar yn rhestr wneud). Rydw i ddal yn ei ddefnyddio ar gyfer gwaith arfogaeth. Ond fe all pethau mynd o’i le gyda gwifrau dai pin. Gall y clipiau cadw cwympo allan, gallant fethu fel gwifren bidog, tra bod mwy o siawns i’r wifren popio allan yn ystod Sabr. Mae’n saff ddweud bod manteision ac anfanteision i’r ddau.

A nawr arolwg gydraddoldeb eleni gan Cleddyfa Prydain (BFA):

https://www.snapsurveys.com/wh/s.asp?k=143086099509

The Interactive Poule Sheet

The use of Microsoft Excel in fencing isn’t anything new, Excel spreadsheets have been used the world over to run competitions. While they’re still used today even though purpose built fencing programmes such as Enguarde and Fencing Time have been released. In January Microsoft released a version of Excel to the Google Play Store, all be it a beta version for tablets. That got me thinking, would it be possible to create a portable poule sheet fit for the 21st century? Of course there are drawbacks, firstly you’re going to need a tablet to get it to work and because of that you’ll have to factor in cost, human error, glitches and battery life. But the advantages are a highly portable device (depending on which tablet you go for) that can work out indicators in a matter of seconds. You can also do this on an Apple device as there’s a version of Excel in the App Store.

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To create it I downloaded the Excel app on my tablet and set about producing an Excel sheet on the Computer. There I set about producing a table that replicates a traditional poule sheet. I made a table of eight with spaces for the fencer’s names and clubs on the left hand side and listed Victories, Points Scored & Received, Indicators and a space for the final Position on the other. I then set about experimenting with formulas to produce the figures I was looking for. With a little bit of help I came up with the formula “=+SUM(D2:K2)” to figure out how much the fencer on the top row would have scored and “=+SUM(D2:D9)” to figure out how much he would have conceded. Working out the indicator was just a matter of taking the points received away from those scored with the formula “=M2-N2”. I then made sure every other part of the table was applicable. I found counting victories to be the hardest part although having looked online I found a way to make sure it only counted 5 with the formula “=COUNTIF(D2:K2,”5″)”. I haven’t figured out a way to work out the final positions so I’m leaving it to the user. Alternatively you could be lazy and download the Excel file I’ve attached below.

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And there we have it a fully interactive poule sheet ready for your club and competition needs: Interactive Poule Sheet

Taflen Poule Rhyngweithiol

Mae Microsoft Excel yn cael i ddefnyddio ar draws y byd i rhedeg cystadlaethau cleddyfa. Hyd yn oed heddiw er bod rhaglennu pwrpasol wedi cael i ryddhau fel Enguarde a Fencing Time. Yn Ionawr wnaeth Microsoft ryddhau fersiwn o Excel i’r Google Play Store felly wnes i feddwl. Bydd e’n bosib creu taflen poule modern? Wrth gwrs mae ‘na ambell i anfantais, yn gyntaf bydd angen tabled ac oherwydd hyn mae rhaid amcan cost, camgymeriadau dynol, glitches a bywyd batri. Ond mae yna fantais o ddyfais gludadwy (dibynnu ar ba dabled fyddwch am ddefnyddio) bydd yn gallu gweithio dangosyddion mewn mater o eiliadau. Gallwch hefyd wneud hyn ar ddyfais Apple gan fod ‘na fersiwn o Excel yn yr App Store.

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I greu gwnes i lawr lwytho’r app i’n dabled wedyn creu taflen Excel ar y Cyfrifiadur. Yna es i ati i gynhyrchu tabl sy’n seiliedig ar daflen poule traddodiadol. Wnes i dabl o wyth gyda bylchau ar gyfer enwau a chlybiau’r cleddyfwyr ar yr ochr chwith a rhestr o fuddugoliaethau, pwyntiau sgoriwyd ac addef, dangosyddion a bwlch ar gyfer y canlyniad terfynol ar y dde. Yna wnes i arbrofi gyda fformiwlâu i gynhyrchu’r ffigurau oeddwn angen. Gydag ychydig bach o help ddes i yn hyd i fformiwla “= + SUM (D2: K2)” i alla chyfrif faint bydd y cleddyfwr y rhes uchaf wedi sgorio a “= + SUM (D2: D9)” i gyfrif faint bydd o wedi ildio. I weithio’r dangosydd wnes i gymryd y pwyntiau a dderbyniwyd oddi wrth y rhai sgoriwyd gyda’r fformiwla “= M2-N2”. Yno wnes i sicrhau bob pob rhan o’r tabl yn berthnasol. I allu cyfrif y buddugoliaethau wnes i edrych ar-lein a dod o hyd i ffordd i gyfrif pob 5 yn y tabl gyda’r fformiwla “= COUNTIF (D2: K2,” 5 “)”. Yn anffodus dydw i ddim wedi gweithio ffordd i gyfrif y canlyniadau terfynol felly rwy’n gadael e i’r defnyddiwr. Fel arall allwch lawr lwytho’r ffeil Excel rwyf wedi atodi.

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A dyma ni, un daflen poule sy’n hollol ryngweithiol ac yn barod ar gyfer eich anghenion clwb a chystadlaethau. Taflen Poule Rhyngweithiol